Polymer film sensor for sampling and remote analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in clear and turbid aqueous environments

Chanan Sluszny, Vladimir V. Gridin, Valery Bulatov, Israel Schechter*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

A sensor for remote analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) has been developed. It is based on direct solid phase extraction of the pollutants on a polymeric film, followed by monitoring the laser induced fluorescence, emitted from the film, via optical fibers. The proposed sensor has been applied to direct PAH analysis in clear and turbid aqueous environments. Linear calibration plots have been obtained for PAH solutions containing both humic substances and clay suspensions. Detection limits in the range of 10 ppt have been achieved. Results are obtained almost instantaneously (in drinking water) or within minutes, in more complicated matrices. This set-up has provided considerable improvement of the detection limits, when compared to the traditional fiber-optic fluorescence probe. In case of pyrene, a 100-fold and a 250-fold improvement in the detection limits have been obtained for the clay and humic substances-containing water, respectively. The spectral response of the polymeric film has been studied under various conditions and the feasibility of the method for analysis of PAH mixtures has been addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-152
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Volume522
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 27 Sep 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Environment
  • PAH
  • Polymer
  • Pyrene
  • Sensor

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