Physicochemical properties of common and tartary buckwheat starch

Wende Li, Rufa Lin, Harold Corke*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Physicochemical properties of starch of three common (Fagopyrum esculentum) and three tartary (F. tataricum) buckwheat varieties from Shanxi Province, China, were compared. Starch color, especially b*, differed greatly between tartary (7.99-9.57) and common (1.97-2.42) buckwheat, indicating that removal of yellow pigments from tartary buckwheat flour may be problematic during starch isolation. Starch swelling volume in water of reference wheat starch (2.8% solids and 92.5°C) was 20.1 mL; for the three common buckwheat starches it was 27.4-28.0 mL; and for the three tartary buckwheat starches it was 26.530.8 mL. Peak gelatinization temperature (T(p)) in water was 63.7°C for wheat starch, 66.3-68.8°C for common buckwheat and 68.8-70.8°C for tartary buckwheat. T(p) of all samples was similarly delayed (by 4.0-4.8°C) by 1% NaCl. Enthalpy of gelatinization (ΔH) was higher for all six buckwheat starches than it was for wheat starch. However, one common buckwheat sample had significantly lower ΔH than the others. Starch pasting profiles, measured by a Rapid Visco-Analyzer, were characteristic and similar for all six buckwheat starches, and very different from the reference wheat starch. A comparison of pasting characteristics of common and tartary buckwheat starches to wheat starch indicated similar peak viscosity, higher hot paste viscosity, higher cool paste viscosity, smaller effect of NaCl on peak viscosity, and higher resistance to shear thinning. Texture profile analysis of starch gels showed significantly greater hardness for all buckwheat samples when compared to wheat starch.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-82
Number of pages4
JournalCereal Chemistry
Volume74
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

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