Microsatellites in starch-synthesizing genes in relation to starch physicochemical properties in waxy rice (Oryza sativa L.)

J. S. Bao, H. Corke, Meihk Sun*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rice starch is composed of amylose and amylopectin. Amylose content, an important determinant of rice starch quality, is primarily controlled by the waxy gene, encoding granule-bound starch synthase (GBSS). The starch branching enzyme (SBE) and soluble starch synthase (SSS) play major roles in the synthesis of amylopectin. Microsatellite polymorphisms in the three genes, the wx gene encoding granule-bound starch synthase I, the SBE gene encoding starch branching enzyme I and the SSS gene encoding soluble starch synthase I, were studied for 56 accessions of waxy rice (Oryza sativa L.). Four (CT)n microsatellite alleles, (CT)16, (CT)17, (CT)18 and (CT)19, at the wx locus were detected in this set of waxy rice, of which (CT)17 was the most frequent. Three (CT)n microsatellite allele classes were found at the SBE locus, (CT)8 or (CT)10 together with an insertion sequence of CTCTCGGGCGA, and (CT)8 alone without the insertion. There were multiple microsatellites clustered at the SSS locus. However, these alleles can also be grouped into three classes, i.e. the allele class SSS-A = (AC)2...TCC(TC)11...(TC)5C(ACC) 11, the allele class SSS-B = (AC)3...TCT(TC)6...(TC)4C(ACC)9, and the allele class SSS-C = (AC)3...TCT(TC)6...(TC)4 C(ACC)8. The analyses of starch physicochemical properties among different microsatellite genotypes indicated that the waxy rice group with the (CT)19 allele, the SBE-A allele and the SSS-B allele was quite different from other groups. Nine out of 15 accessions with a high gelatinization temperature (GT) belonged to the wx (CT)19 group, all of them belonged to the SBE-A group and 13 of them belonged to the SSS-B group. These microsatellites might be useful in marker-assisted breeding for the improvement of rice grain quality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)898-905
Number of pages8
JournalTheoretical And Applied Genetics
Volume105
Issue number6-7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Microsatellite
  • Rice
  • Soluble starch synthase
  • Starch branching enzyme
  • Starch quality
  • Wx

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