Gas Pressure and Temperature Dependences of Thermal Conductivity of Porous Ceramic Materials: Part 1, Refractories and Ceramics with Porosity below 30%

Efim Ya Litovsky*, Michael Shapiro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations

Abstract

A review of experimental results and theoretical models for thermal conductivities of ceramic materials with porosity less than 30% is given. It is shown that the abnormal non‐monotonic pressure and temperature dependences of thermal conductivity arise from the effects of microcracks and porous grain boundaries, characterizing many industrial refractories, and from the competitive influences of classical and novel mechanisms of heat transfer in composite multiphase materials. The latter mechanisms include segregation and surface diffusion of impurities and defects in crystal structure, and the mechanism arising from chemical conversion and gas emission, occurring within pores of ceramic materials. A fractal model of porous materials' structure is proposed and used for analysis, explanation, and classification of thermophysical properties of ceramic materials measured in various thermodynamic conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3425-3439
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume75
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1992
Externally publishedYes

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