Diversity of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria and archaea in response to different aeration rates during cattle manure composting

Lei Yan, Zhenguo Li, Guoxing Wang, Yamei Gao, Yanjie Wang, Ji Dong Gu*, Weidong Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Both ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and archaea (AOA) coexisted in the process of cattle manure composting under different rates of aeration in this study. The effect of aeration rates (12, 3 and 0 L/min) on the communities of AOB and AOA in the cattle manure composting was evaluated using the molecular marker amoA gene for phylogenetic comparisons. Nitrosomonas and Nitrosospira affiliated with AOB were detected and the relative abundance of Nitrosomonas ranged from 69.1% to 100% showing its dominance in cattle manure composting. The diversity of AOA showed no significant change with the increase of aeration rates, only 2.0% of the sequences of marine cluster appeared under treatment with aeration rate of 12 L/min. Relationships between diversity of AOB and AOA and physicochemical parameters were also explored. Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) indicated that oxygen was significantly (p < 0.05) correlated with diversity of AOB, but not with AOA. These results revealed that AOB were more important than AOA in nitrogen transformation, including nitrification during cattle manure composting under different aeration rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-54
Number of pages9
JournalEcological Engineering
Volume93
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aeration
  • Ammonia-oxidizing archaea
  • Ammonia-oxidizing bacteria
  • AmoA
  • Cattle manure composting

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