Assessment for water quality by artificial neural network in Daya Bay, South China Sea

Mei Lin Wu, You Shao Wang*, Ji Dong Gu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


In this study, artificial neural network such as a self-organizing map (SOM) was used to assess for the effects caused by climate change and human activities on the water quality in Daya Bay, South China Sea. SOM has identified the anthropogenic effects and seasonal characters of water quality. SOM grouped the four seasons as four groups (winter, spring, summer and autumn). The Southeast Asian monsoons, northeasterly from October to the next April and southwesterly from May to September have also an important influence on the water quality in Daya Bay. Spatial pattern is mainly related to anthropogenic activities and hydrodynamics conditions. In spatial characteristics, the water quality in Daya Bay was divided into two groups by chemometrics. The monitoring stations (S3, S8, S10 and S11) were in these area (Dapeng Ao, Aotou Harbor) and northeast parts of Daya Bay, which are areas of human activity. The thermal pollution has been observed near water body in Daya Bay Nuclear Power Plant (S5). The rest of the monitoring sites were in the south, central and eastern parts of Daya Bay, which are areas that experience water exchanges from South China Sea. The results of this study may provide information on the spatial and temporal patterns in Daya Bay. Further research will be carry out more research concerning functional changes in the bay ecology with respect to changes in climatic factor, human activities and bay morphology in Daya Bay.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1632-1642
Number of pages11
Issue number7-8
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Daya Bay
  • Nuclear power plant
  • Self-organizing map
  • Thermal discharge
  • Water quality


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