By employing atomic-resolution imaging and first principles energy calculations, the growth behavior of S-phase precipitates in a high strength Al-Cu-Mg alloy was investigated. It is demonstrated that the nucleation and growth of the S-phase precipitate are rather anisotropic and temperature-dependent companying with low dimensional phase transformation. There are actually two types of Guinier-Preston (GP) zones that determine the formation mechanism of S-phase at high aging temperatures higher than 180 °C. One is the precursors of the S-phase itself, the other is the structural units or the precursors of the well-known Guinier-Preston-Bagaryatsky (GPB) zones. At high temperatures the later GPB zone units may form around S-phase precipitate and cease its growth in the width direction, leading to the formation of rod-like S-phase crystals; whereas at low temperatures the S-phase precipitates develop without the interference with GPB zones, resulting in S-phase precipitates with lath-like morphology.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2016|
- age hardening
- aluminum alloy
- crystal growth