The supra-ependymal innervation is not responsible for the repression of tight junctions in the rat cerebral ependyma

P. Rodriguez*, C. Bouchaud

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Classically, the contiguous epithelial cells show intercellular tight junctions (TJ) positioned as a continuous belt of cell-cell contacts at the boundary of apical and basolateral plasma membranes. Among the epithelia, the 'typical' cerebral ependyma is very peculiar due to the absence of TJ, in contrast to the ependyma of the circumventricular organs (e.g. choroid plexus and the subcommissural organ) which shows well differentiated TJ. Since the 'typical' ependyma is covered in the rat with a plexus of intraventricular nervous fibres not present at the surface of the circumventricular organs, we hypothesized local repression of TJ by molecules (serotonin, GABA, etc.) released by the supra-ependymal varicosities. Neither the denervation of the 'typical' ependyma nor the ex vivo activation of protein kinase C (which increases the transepithelial resistance as it has been reported in other epithelia) produced junctional fibrils as shown by freeze-fracture. As the protein ZO-1 was not detectable in the 'typical' ependyma by immunocytochemistry, there is probably repression of the genes responsible for TJ biosynthesis by unidentified endogenous factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-201
Number of pages17
JournalNeurobiology
Volume4
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ependymal cells
  • GABA
  • Rat (Sprague-Dawley)
  • Serotonin
  • Supra-ependymal fibres
  • Tight junctions

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