The role of cell-surface interactions in bacterial initial adhesion and consequent biofilm formation on nanofiltration/reverse osmosis membranes

O. Habimana, A. J.C. Semião, E. Casey*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

191 Scopus citations

Abstract

Until recently, the realization that membrane biofouling during nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) processes is an unavoidable occurrence, has led to a paradigm shift in which biofouling management approaches rather than biofouling prevention are now being considered. To implement this new concept, it is crucial to understand the fundamentals of cell-surface interactions during bacterial adhesion, a prerequisite to biofouling of membranes. As such, with membrane biofouling already being widely studied and documented, greater attention should be given to the factors involved in the initial bioadhesion onto membranes during NF/RO processes. This review focuses on the interactions between bacterial cells and NF/RO membranes, emphasizing the mechanisms of bacterial adhesion to NF/RO membranes with particular reference to the effects of micro-environmental conditions experienced at the membrane interface, such as feed-water composition, hydrodynamics, permeate flux and conditioning layers. This review also discusses membrane surface properties and how it relates to bacterial adhesion as well as latest advancements in antibacterial membranes, identifying areas that need further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-96
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume454
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bacterial adhesion
  • Biofouling
  • Fouling
  • Membranes
  • Nanofiltration
  • Reverse osmosis

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