Nanoparticles (NPs) are widely used and ubiquitous in the environment, but the consequences of their release into the environment on antibiotics resistance genes (ARGs), microbial abundance, and community, are largely unknown. Therefore, this study examined the effect of nano zero-valent iron (nZVI) and zinc oxide (nZnO) on tetracycline resistance genes (tet-ARGs) and class 1 integron (intI1) in sediment under laboratory incubation. The coexistence of NPs and tetracycline (TC) on tet-ARGs/intI1 was also investigated. It was found that nZVI and nZnO promoted tet-ARGs/intI1 abundance in sediment without TC but reduced the inducing effect of TC on tet-ARGs/intI1 in sediment overlaid with TC solution. Without TC, nZVI, intI1, and the bacterial community could directly promote tet-ARGs spread in nZVI sediment, while intI1 and bacterial abundance were the most directly important reasons for tet-ARGs spread in nZnO sediment. With TC, nZVI and bacterial community could reduce tet-ARGs abundance in nZVI sediment, while nZnO and bacterial community could directly promote tet-ARGs in nZnO sediment. Finally, these findings provided valuable information for understanding the role of NPs in promoting and reducing ARGs in the environment.
|International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
|Published - Aug 2022
- class 1 integron (intI1)
- nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI)
- tetracycline resistance genes (tet-ARGs)
- zinc oxide nanoparticles (nZnO)