Ionic liquids (ILs) containing zwitterions were studied as electrolytes for lithium-ion batteries. The effect of a pyrrolidinium zwitterion with a long ether side chain on the thermal and electrochemical properties of an IL and the charge/discharge properties of Li/LiCoO2, Li/LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2 (NMC), and graphite/Li cells with IL/zwitterion electrolytes was investigated. The melting temperature of the IL-based electrolyte composed of N-methyl-N-methoxymethylpyrrolidinium bis(fluorosulfonyl)amide ([Pyr1,1O1][FSA]) and lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)amide (LiFSA) with 3-(1-(2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethyl)pyrrolidin-1-ium-1-yl)propane-1-sulfonate (OE2pyps) as the zwitterionic additive was about −18 °C. The electrochemical window of [Pyr1,1O1][FSA]/LiFSA/OE2pyps was over 5 V vs. Li/Li+. Li|electrolyte|LiCoO2 cells containing the [Pyr1,1O1][FSA]/LiFSA/OE2pyps electrolyte system exhibited high capacity values in the cut-off voltage range of 3.0–4.3 V, even after 50 cycles. Moreover, increases of interfacial resistance between the electrolyte and cathode during cycling were suppressed. Li|electrolyte|NMC cells containing this electrolyte system also exhibited high capacities in a wide cut-off voltage range of 3.0–4.6 V, even after 50 cycles. In the cyclic voltammograms of cells employing a graphite electrode, the intercalation/deintercalation of lithium ions was observed between 0 and + 0.4 V vs. Li/Li+. Further, graphite|electrolyte|Li cells containing [Pyr1,1O1][FSA]/LiFSA/OE2pyps exhibited stable charge/discharge cycle behavior over 5 cycles.
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - 1 Jul 2017|
- Ether group
- Ionic liquid
- Lithium-ion battery