Ni, Co and bimetallic Ni-Co catalysts supported on Ca-γ-Al 2O 3 and ZrO 2 were investigated for the production of hydrogen via ethanol steam reforming (ESR). Catalysts were prepared by wet impregnation method and characterized using temperature- programmed reduction (TPR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). ESR and temperature-programmed desorption of ethanol (ethanol-TPD) were carried out in a continuous flow fixed bed micro-reactor and the outlet gases were monitored by an on-line GC or MS. Ni is found to be more active for the C-C bond rupture than Co on both supports, Ca-γ-Al 2O 3 and ZrO 2. Catalyst support plays very important roles for the ESR. Strong interaction between support and metal affects the formation of NiCo bimetallic compound, resulting in the variety of catalytic activity. On Ca-γ-Al 2O 3 support, the catalytic activity of ESR follows the sequence of 10%Ni > 6.7%Ni 3.3%Co ∼ 3.3%Ni 6.7%Co > 10%Co. On ZrO 2, the trend is 10%Ni > 6.7%Ni 3.3%Co > 10%Co > 3.3%Ni 6.7%Co. The H 2O adsorption/activation ability of the support determines the reaction pathway and thus the product selectivity. On Ca-γ-Al 2O 3, water gas shift reaction is more favorable than on ZrO 2, due to the availability of surface OH groups. The roles of the metal and support for ESR are also discussed.
- Al O
- Steam reforming of ethanol