Static-field ionization model of He-like ions for diagnostics of light-field intensity

Erik Lötstedt, Marcelo F. Ciappina, Kaoru Yamanouchi

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We study static-field ionization of He-like ions with nuclear charge number in the range of 2≤Z≤36. Both the tunneling and over-the-barrier regimes are considered. We calculate the ionization rates by three approximate methods: a fitting formula based on the Perelemov-Popov-Terent'ev (PPT) formula, a perturbative expansion in powers of 1/Z, and a single-active electron approximation, and compare them with reference ionization rates computed by the multiconfiguration time-dependent Hartree-Fock (MCTDHF) approach. The relative deviation of the rates computed by the PPT-based fitting formula and the third-order perturbation theory from the rates computed by the MCTDHF approach is found to be around 10%. We discuss quantitatively the contribution from the exchange interaction during the ionization by comparing the single-active electron rates and the reference rates in which multielectron effects are included. We find that a single-active electron approximation, where the exchange interaction is neglected, results in the overestimation of the ionization rates by 30% for He and 2% for He-like Kr, showing that the magnitude of the effect of the exchange interaction scales approximately as 1/Z.

Original languageEnglish
Article number013112
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes


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