Single-ion polymer/LLZO hybrid electrolytes with high lithium conductivity

Marine Lechartier, Luca Porcarelli, Haijin Zhu, Maria Forsyth, Aurélie Guéguen, Laurent Castro*, David Mecerreyes*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hybrid solid electrolytes which combine the properties of inorganic and polymeric ion conductors are being investigated for lithium batteries which use lithium metal anodes. The number of inorganic/polymer compositions and their synergy in ion-conducting properties are limited by the hybrid fabrication method and the limited compatibility between both types of materials. Here we report a hybrid solid electrolyte formed by a poly(ethylene glycol) type single-ion polymer network and ceramic garnet-type nanoparticles of Li7-3XAlXLa3Zr2O12 (LLZO) with very high lithium conductivity. The combination of a lithium-single ion polymer matrix with LLZO inorganic particles results in flexible free-standing films by using a fast UV-photopolymerization process with facile control of its composition. This methodology showed excellent dispersion of the LLZO nanoparticles within the gel polymer network with up to 50 wt% ceramic content, as shown in the enviromental ESEM images. These hybrid electrolytes have high ionic conductivity values (1.4 × 10-4 S cm-1 at 25 °C) and high lithium transference number as compared to previous hybrid electrolytes. The effect of LLZO nanoparticle content on the lithium transport was investigated in detail using solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). Finally, determination of the critical current density (CCD) before lithium dendrites are initiated has been carried out on both pristine and hybrid electrolytes, so as to assess their potential as solid electrolytes for lithium metal batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1139-1151
Number of pages13
JournalMaterials Advances
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

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