Sandwiched confinement of quantum dots in graphene matrix for efficient electron transfer and photocurrent production

Nan Zhu, Kaibo Zheng, Khadga J. Karki, Mohamed Abdellah, Qiushi Zhu, Stefan Carlson, Dörthe Haase, Karel Žídek, Jens Ulstrup, Sophie E. Canton, Tõnu Pullerits*, Qijin Chi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Quantum dots (QDs) and graphene are both promising materials for the development of new-generation optoelectronic devices. Towards this end, synergic assembly of these two building blocks is a key step but remains a challenge. Here, we show a one-step strategy for organizing QDs in a graphene matrix via interfacial self-assembly, leading to the formation of sandwiched hybrid QD-graphene nanofilms. We have explored structural features, electron transfer kinetics and photocurrent generation capacity of such hybrid nanofilms using a wide variety of advanced techniques. Graphene nanosheets interlink QDs and significantly improve electronic coupling, resulting in fast electron transfer from photoexcited QDs to graphene with a rate constant of 1.3 × 10 9 s -1. Efficient electron transfer dramatically enhances photocurrent generation in a liquid-junction QD-sensitized solar cell where the hybrid nanofilm acts as a photoanode. We thereby demonstrate a cost-effective method to construct large-area QD-graphene hybrid nanofilms with straightforward scale-up potential for optoelectronic applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9860
JournalScientific Reports
Volume5
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 May 2015
Externally publishedYes

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