The dependence of polarization switching on thermal histories has been investigated for K1+-modified lead zirconate titanate (PZT) ceramics by Sawyer-Tower polarization methods. It was found that double-loop-like polarization characteristics in the aged condition could be reversed to normal single loop polarization characteristics by quenching specimens from above the ferroelectric phase transition temperature. However, the P-E curves reversed back to double-loop-like characteristics after reaging specimens at elevated temperatures. Excess oxygen vacancies in La3+-modified PZT were not found to result in double-loop-like polarization hysteresis, whereas excess oxygen vacancies in K1+-modified PZT did. These results provide evidence for role of K1+-oxygen vacancy complexes in polarization pinning.