Starch granule-associated surface and channel lipids (SGALs) were effectively removed from waxy maize starch (WMS) and normal maize starch (NMS), then the starches were crosslinked by different levels of sodium trimetaphosphate (STMP) (0.25 %, 0.5 %, 1 % and 2 %). The effective removal of SGALs and successful crosslinking, were evidenced by the disappearance of surface-fluorescence and channel-fluorescence of Pro-Q Diamond-stained granules, and the increased phosphorus content respectively. STMP crosslinking increased peak and final viscosity for WMS and NMS. Crosslinking at high STMP levels (0.5 %, 1 % and 2 %) transformed the starch pastes from thixotropic to anti-thixotropic. STMP crosslinking significantly decreased the tan δ values of maize starches, enhancing the elastic structure of the gel. Crosslinked maize starches without SGALs had lower breakdown than crosslinked starches at same STMP level, indicating higher tightened crosslinked starch granules after SGALs removal. Removal of SGALs increased the anti-thixotropy of crosslinked starches, facilitating the reorientation of crosslinked amylopectin/amylose molecules during shearing. Removal of SGALs increased the tan δ values from frequency sweep of WMS and NMS during STMP crosslinking, indicating the presence of surface-lipids and channel-lipids could enhance the elastic gel network structure of crosslinked maize starch.
|Journal||International Journal of Biological Macromolecules|
|State||E-pub ahead of print - 30 Jul 2022|
- Starch granule-associated surface and channel lipids
- STMP cross-linked starch
- Physicochemical properties