Removal of contaminants of emerging concern from secondary-effluent reverse osmosis retentates by continuous supercritical water oxidation- parametric study and conceptual design

Yaron Aviezer*, Ori Lahav

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The continuous removal of TOC and the degradation efficiency of carbamazepine and 17β-estradiol were investigated using actual secondary municipal-effluent RO-retentate solutions. A specific set of operating parameters were applied within the supercritical water oxidizing conditions: temperature range 420–480 °C, 25.1 MPa, hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 1–2 min, excess oxidant molar-ratio of 3–10 and presence of a homogenous catalyst (IPA) at 50–100 mg/L. > 99% organic carbon mineralization, along with complete degradation of model pollutants, was observed at 450 °C/1 min/OC= 5–10 and 100 mgIPA/L. The outlet estrone concentration, 1.03 ± 1.14 ng/L, representing estrogenic pollutants, dropped to the “no effect” range. A model for a SCWO plant treating secondary-municipal-effluent-RO-retentate for a city of 100,000 capita-equivalent was developed, based on a shell & tube SCWO flow reactor, showing > 75% energy-efficiency. The model yielded that for the extreme case of a zero caloric-value feed-solution, the total OPEX and CAPEX would be < $6.0 ± 2.5 per m3 of secondary effluents, i.e., two orders of magnitude lower than the reported environmental shadow-price associated with CECs (contaminants of emerging concern). Further work is required on the continuous and efficient separation of the salt-matrix, which can lead to higher overall heat transfer coefficients and enable further reduction in capital costs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number129379
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume437
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Sep 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 17β-Estradiol
  • Carbamazepine
  • Cost assessment
  • Effluent RO retentates
  • SCWO

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