Radio spectral index from NVSS and TGSS

Prabhakar Tiwari*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


I extract the radio spectral index, α, from 541 195 common sources observed in the 150MHz TIFR GMRT Sky Survey (TGSS) and the 1.4GHz NRAO VLA Sky Survey (NVSS). This large common source catalog covers about 80% of the sky. The flux density limits in these surveys are such that the observed galaxies are presumably hosts of active galactic nuclei (AGNs). I confirm the steepening of α with increasing flux density for this large sample and provide a parametric fit between α and flux density. Next, I divide the data into low flux (LF) and high flux (HF) density samples with roughly equal numbers of galaxies. The LF sample contains all galaxies below 100mJy TGSS and 20mJy NVSS flux density and the HF sample is all galaxies above 100mJy TGSS and 20mJy NVSS. I observe an increase in α with source size (TGSS measured), saturating for large sizes to 0.89 + 0.22 and 0.76 + 0.21 for the LF and HF sources, respectively. I discuss the observed results and possible physical mechanisms to explain observed α dependence with source size for LF and HF samples.

Original languageEnglish
Article number096
JournalResearch in Astronomy and Astrophysics
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • galaxies: Active galactic nuclei
  • galaxies: high-redshift


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