Propane dehydrogenation kinetics on supported Pt catalyst

M. Sheintuch*, O. Liron, A. Ricca, V. Palma

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

A kinetic model of propane dehydrogenation on a Pt,Sn/Mg(Al)O is presented, accounting for product distribution due to main and side reactions, for deactivation rates and for diffusion resistance. Parameters were estimated from steady state experiments at varying pressure and from temperature-programmed experiments, and are compared with previous models on similar catalysts and with published computed results. Steam was added to slow coke formation, leading to some steam reforming. The rate of deactivation was shown to correlate with carbon build up on the surface, which was determined from the selectivity to carbon. Application of the model to design a Pd-membrane reactor suggests that pressure should be kept below 5 bar and steam around 10% in feed, while pellet size affects mainly the selectivity while the effect on conversion is small. While the main reaction is fast, side reactions are not negligible, especially under conditions of a membrane reactor, but selectivity to propane can be maintained about 95%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-29
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Volume516
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Apr 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Catalyst deactivation
  • Propane dehydrogenation
  • Propane steam reforming
  • Pt catalyst

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