Production of bacteria for structural concrete

Varenyam Achal*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

10 Scopus citations


This chapter reviews a novel, green and economical concrete based on microbially induced calcium carbonate precipitation (MICP). Microbial or bacterial concrete is product of MICP, produced by ureolytic bacteria, requires much less energy to produce. Such bacteria are abundant in nature in almost every environment and can be reproduced at fast rate at low cost. Calcium carbonate precipitated during the process of MICP might help building materials and structures by improving compressive strength and impermeability, and ultimately their durability. Harnessing this novel process of biogeochemistry may bring in enormous economical benefits to construction industries and will open a new door to the research in the arena of geotechnical and structural engineering. This chapter critically reviews the production and mechanism of MICP. Further, a thorough understanding of the research in the area of microbial-based cementitious materials, which lead to improving the durability of building materials and structures, has been discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiotechnologies and Biomimetics for Civil Engineering
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9783319092874
ISBN (Print)9783319092867
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes


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