A facile one-step assembly method was developed for the preparation of metal-organics @Bi2O3 composites for photocatalysis. Two kinds of metal-organics (Ti-bdc and Cu-btc)@Bi2O3 composites were synthesized via the coordination of btc3−/bdc2− and metal ions (Ti4+/Cu2+) as well as –OH on the surface of Bi2O3. Compared with pure Bi2O3, Ti-bdc@Bi2O3 shows a 1.7 times higher photocatalytic activity in the degradation of sulfamethoxazole (SMX) under a simulated solar irradiation with a cumulative removal of 62% within 60 min. The high photocatalytic activity could be attributed to the high charge separation, enhanced electron transfer as well as the low recombination rate of photo-generated electrons and holes due to the construction of hetero-structures. The stability test showed that Ti-bdc@Bi2O3 is more stable in water than Cu-btc@Bi2O3. Furthermore, through the radical-trapping experiments and main intermediates detection, it is demonstrated that the photo-generated holes as well as the [rad]OH and [rad]O2− formed dominate the photocatalytic decomposition of SMX. These findings demonstrate the potential usage of a facile method to synthesize metal-organics and metal oxides composites, some of which possess high water stability and thus could be employed for water treatment.
- Charge transfer
- Photocatalytic degradation