We study high-order harmonic generation in C60 molecules interacting with a linearly polarized intense short laser pulse at near- and mid-infrared wavelengths, using an extension of the so-called three-step or Lewenstein model to the molecular case. The results exhibit modulations in the plateaus of the spectra at the longer wavelengths, which are present for ensembles of aligned as well as randomly oriented fullerenes. The analysis of the results show that the minima can be explained by a multislit interference effect arising from the contributions of the 60 atomic centers to the dipole moment. Good agreement between the positions of the minima in the spectra obtained in the length gauge are found with those of the recombination matrix element, but not for those in the velocity gauge calculations. We further use a simple spherical model to analyze how geometrical information, such as the radius of the fullerene cage, can be obtained from the interference pattern in the harmonic spectra.
|Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
|Published - 14 Dec 2007