Microbial Transformation of Phthalate Esters: Diversity of Hydrolytic Esterases

Ji Dong Gu, Yuping Wang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Phthalic acid esters or phthalate esters (PAEs) are derivatives of phthalic acid (PA). Structures of PAEs are shown in Figure 15.1. When methanol, ethanol, or other alcohols react with the carboxyl groups on the benzene ring of phthalic acids, the corresponding esters are formed with different alkyl chains, depending on the alcohol involved in the reaction, such as dimethyl phthalate (DMP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), and di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP). Each PAE has three isomers on which the carboxyl groups can be at the ortho, meta, or para position. Meanwhile, the esterification forms not only diesters but also monoesters. Various reactions yield a large and diverse group of products of PAEs, with distinctive position and the length of the alkyl side chains.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnvironmental Contamination
Subtitle of host publicationHealth Risks and Ecological Restoration
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages33
ISBN (Electronic)9781439892398
ISBN (Print)9781439892381
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Microbial Transformation of Phthalate Esters: Diversity of Hydrolytic Esterases'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this