Mechanistic insights into the enhanced texture of potato noodles by incorporation of small granule starches

Mengting Ma, Xinyu Zhang, Yifei Zhu, Zijun Li, Zhongquan Sui*, Harold Corke*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Potato noodles are a popular food due to their unique texture and taste, but native potato starch often fails to meet consumer demands for precise textural outcomes. The effect of blending small granule (waxy amaranth, non-waxy oat and quinoa) starch with potato starch on the properties of noodles was investigated to enhance quality of noodles. Morphological results demonstrated that small granule starch filled gaps between potato starch granules, some of which gelatinized incompletely. Meanwhile, XRD and FTIR analysis indicated that more ordered structures and hydrogen bonding among starch granules increased with addition of small granule starch. The addition of oat or quinoa starch increased gel elasticity, decreased viscosity of the pastes, and increased the tensile strength of noodles, while addition of 30 % and 45 % waxy amaranth starch did not increase G′ value of gel or tensile strength of noodles. These results indicated that amylose molecules played an important role during retrogradation, and may intertwine and interact with each other to enhance the network structure of starch gel in potato starch blended with oat or quinoa starch. This study provides a natural way to modify potato starch for desirable textural properties of noodle product.

Original languageEnglish
Article number128535
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume257
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Noodles
  • Starch blends
  • Tensile strength

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