Mapping underground layers in the super arid Gidron Wadi using electrical resistivity tomography (ERT)

Gidon Winters*, Ina Ryvkin, Tali Rudkov, Ziv Moreno, Alex Furman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Along the arid Arava, southern Israel, acacia trees are considered keystone species. Based on survival of acacias through drought years that have not seen a single rainfall or flood, it is assumed that acacias endure the local harsh conditions by drawing water from deep underground water reservoirs. Studying water use of acacias has so far been done by exposing root systems or by isotopic water measurements, both problematic methods.We present a new application of a two-dimensional direct current electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) to measure the electrical resistivity of the subsurface. We applied the ERT device to two fixed 100m transects cutting across (north-south) and along (west-east) the super arid Gidron Wadi during March, April and August 2013. An inversion model was used to create a map of electrical resistivity of the layers below ground, an indirect indicator of the underground water content. We identified a conductive layer located at ~7-10m below ground in all surveys. Although we could not identify changes to this apparent perched aquifer, such a layer may be a secondary source of water for acacias that can explain their survival in drought years. Further ERT-aided studies are needed to correlate acacia distribution and ecophysiological state with perched aquifers, even if quantitative analysis of their replenishment in such desert environments is not trivial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-83
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Arid Environments
Volume121
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acacia raddiana
  • Acacia tortilis
  • Arava
  • Ecophysiology
  • Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT)
  • Flash floods
  • Underground water
  • Water use

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