Interaction of reactively sputtered titanium carbide thin films with Si, SiO2Ti, TiSi2, and Al

M. Eizenberg*, S. P. Murarka, P. A. Heimann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The interactions of reactively sputtered titanium carbide (TixC) films with Si, SiO2, Ti, TiSi2, and Al have been studied using Auger electron spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, and four-point probe resistance. The TixC films react with Si leading to silicide phases that are not observed when pure Ti reacts with Si. The interaction of Ti xC with Si is delayed to higher temperatures with increasing carbon content. For x≤1, no interaction is observed even after 900 °C-30 min anneal. For x≥1, the silicide formation leads to phase separation with TiSi2 near the silicon substrate plus an outer titanium carbide layer, which, like all other TixC films investigated, is found to be an effective diffusion barrier to Al penetration up to 500 °C. For x≤1, no interaction with SiO2 is observed up to 900 °C. However, Ti-rich films interact with SiO2 to form titanium oxide. The stoichiometric film adheres to Ti and TiSi2 much better than to Si and SiO2. It does not react with Ti or TiSi2 up to 750 °C. At 900 °C TiC is unstable on TiSi2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3195-3199
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1983
Externally publishedYes


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