Infiltration under variable ponding depths of water

A. W. Warrick*, Dawit Zerihun, C. A. Sanchez, Alex Furman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Cumulative infiltration was computed as a function of time-varying ponded water depths using a Green and Ampt analysis. The input water depths were field-measured values from two irrigation events on Superstition sand, one from a basin and one from a border. For both types of irrigation, the computed cumulative infiltration at a given measuring station was nearly the same whether using a variable head input or a constant (average) head during the time of opportunity. As an example, at the first measurement station for the basin event, the ponded depth went from a 0 to 9 cm depth over the 2-12 min. from the time water was introduced into the basin; this was followed by a decrease to a depth of 4 cm at 60 min. The computed infiltration using the depth hydrograph was 14.3 cm compared to 14.1 cm when using an average depth. A smaller value of 13.7 cm is found using the appropriate time of opportunity with a field averaged depth and a considerably smaller value of 12.4 cm was found when a zero-depth boundary is considered. Basin and border uniformities were also computed based on variable and different constant depths and the results were found to be reasonably robust whether infiltration is computed using a variable or an appropriate constant ponded depth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)358-363
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering - ASCE
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Border irrigation
  • Infiltration rate
  • Soil water
  • Surface irrigation


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