Inferring material parameters of soft materials, especially soft tissues from experiments, has always been a challenge because of the inaccuracy of specimen geometry, difficulty in proper gripping and difficulty in obtaining reliable displacement data. If one is able to obtain full field data with Digital Image Correlation or other similar techniques, we show that in spite of poor quality experimental data, it is still possible to get the material parameters using Virtual Fields Method with carefully chosen virtual fields. We demonstrate the approach by two cases. The first is Ecoflex (silicone rubber) under biaxial deformations at controlled loading rates, and the second is rat skin samples with imperfect shape under biaxial deformations at controlled loading rates. In both cases, rather than trying to obtain homogeneous deformation conditions, we use a technique based on the Virtual Fields Method to extract the material properties from the deformation of the specimen collected by Digital Image Correlation (DIC) and the force load measured by the load sensor. In order to apply loads in two principal directions simultaneously, a custom biaxial set-up was built and mounted into a uniaxial Instron tensile set-up. We show here that in spite of significant inhomogeneity in the deformation, errors, and missing data in the measured displacement field, we are still able to recover the material properties of the soft solid by suitable choices of virtual fields.
- Biaxial cyclic tension testing
- Digital image correlation
- Heterogeneous deformation
- Material parameter estimation
- Silicone rubber
- Virtual field method