In situ observation of dynamic recrystallization in the bulk of zirconium alloy

Klaus Dieter Liss*, Ulf Garbe, Huijun Li, Thomas Schambron, Jonathan D. Almer, Kun Yan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


In-situ observations of dynamic recrystallization in individual bulk crystallites of a macroscopic Zircaloy-4 specimen under thermo-mechanical load, was reported. The nuclear reactor structural material Zircaloy-4 grade R60804 of nominal composition Zr, 1.5% Sn, 0.2% Fe, 0.1% Cr, 0.1% O was used for the study. It crystallizes in a hexagonal closed packed (hcp) α-Zr structure below 1083 K and a body centered cubic (bcc) β-Zr structure above 1253K. The 5-mm-thick specimens were put into a servo-hydraulic load frame with the load axis perpendicular to the incoming X-ray beam of 0.2 × 0.2 mm 2 size. The sample was heat treated in air with zero load in order to allow recovery and growth of distinguishable grain sizes by ramping the temperature up to 1277K and subsequent cooling. Diffraction patterns were then recorded upon application of a constant load of 225 N. It was observed that upon heating little growth occurs in the low-temperature α-Zr phase which then transforms gradually into β-Zr.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)637-640
Number of pages4
JournalAdvanced Engineering Materials
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2009
Externally publishedYes


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