Hydrostatic compression behavior and high-pressure stabilized β-phase in γ-based titanium aluminide intermetallics

Klaus Dieter Liss*, Ken Ichi Funakoshi, Rian Johannes Dippenaar, Yuji Higo, Ayumi Shiro, Mark Reid, Hiroshi Suzuki, Takahisa Shobu, Koichi Akita

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Titanium aluminides find application in modern light-weight, high-temperature turbines, such as aircraft engines, but suffer from poor plasticity during manufacturing and processing. Huge forging presses enable materials processing in the 10-GPa range, and hence, it is necessary to investigate the phase diagrams of candidate materials under these extreme conditions. Here, we report on an in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction study in a large-volume press of a modern (α2 + γ) two-phase material, Ti-45Al-7.5Nb-0.25C, under pressures up to 9.6 GPa and temperatures up to 1686 K. At room temperature, the volume response to pressure is accommodated by the transformation γ → α2, rather than volumetric strain, expressed by the apparently high bulk moduli of both constituent phases. Crystallographic aspects, specifically lattice strain and atomic order, are discussed in detail. It is interesting to note that this transformation takes place despite an increase in atomic volume, which is due to the high ordering energy of γ. Upon heating under high pressure, both the eutectoid and γ-solvus transition temperatures are elevated, and a third, cubic β-phase is stabilized above 1350 K. Earlier research has shown that this β-phase is very ductile during plastic deformation, essential in near-conventional forging processes. Here, we were able to identify an ideal processing window for near-conventional forging, while the presence of the detrimental β-phase is not present under operating conditions. Novel processing routes can be defined from these findings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number165
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Equation of states
  • High pressure
  • High temperature
  • In situ diffraction
  • Intermetallics
  • Multi-anvil press
  • Phase transformation
  • Plasticity
  • Synchrotron radiation
  • TiAl


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