How to choose endothermic process for thermochemical waste-heat recuperation?

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The thermochemical waste-heat recuperation (TCR) systems by steam reforming of various hydrocarbon fuels are considered. A method for determining the TCR systems efficiency is proposed. The methodology is based on the determination of the heat recuperation rate and heat transformation coefficient. TCR due to steam reforming of methanol, ethanol, glycerol, propane, and methane was analyzed. To obtain the initial data for energy analysis of TCR systems, the thermodynamic analysis was performed. With the help of Aspen HYSYS was determined the synthesis gas composition and reaction enthalpy for all investigated variants. The investigation was performed for a wide temperature range from 400 to 1200 K, for the steam-to-fuel ratio of 1, and pressures of 1 bar. It was established that TCR due to the steam reforming of ethanol, glycerol, and propane in the temperature range above 800 K, it is possible to achieve complete recuperation of the exhaust after the furnace. As a results of investigation, the practical recommendations were given for choosing endothermic reaction for the thermochemical waste-heat recuperation systems: in the temperature range up to 600 K for TCR it is necessary to choose a methanol steam reforming reaction; in the temperature range from 600 to 1000 K - the reaction of steam reforming of ethanol and glycerol; in the temperature range above 1000 K - the reaction of steam reforming propane and methane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18772-18781
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number38
StatePublished - 31 Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Gibbs free energy minimization
  • Heat transformation coefficient
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Recuperation rate
  • Thermochemical recuperation


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