High-order harmonic generation driven by inhomogeneous plasmonics fields spatially bounded: Influence on the cut-off law

E. Neyra, F. Videla, M. F. Ciappina, J. A. Pérez-Hernández, L. Roso, M. Lewenstein, G. A. Torchia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

We study high-order harmonic generation (HHG) in model atoms driven by plasmonic-enhanced fields. These fields result from the illumination of plasmonic nanostructures by few-cycle laser pulses. We demonstrate that the spatial inhomogeneous character of the laser electric field, in a form of Gaussian-shaped functions, leads to an unexpected relationship between the HHG cutoff and the laser wavelength. Precise description of the spatial form of the plasmonic-enhanced field allows us to predict this relationship. We combine the numerical solutions of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation (TDSE) with the plasmonic-enhanced electric fields obtained from 3D finite element simulations. We additionally employ classical simulations to supplement the TDSE outcomes and characterize the extended HHG spectra by means of their associated electron trajectories. A proper definition of the spatially inhomogeneous laser electric field is instrumental to accurately describe the underlying physics of HHG driven by plasmonic-enhanced fields. This characterization opens up new perspectives for HHG control with various experimental nano-setups.

Original languageEnglish
Article number034002
JournalJournal of Optics (United Kingdom)
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • attosecond pulses
  • high-order harmonic generation
  • plasmonics

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