Sweetpotato flours vary widely in color depending on genotype, and when used in wheat-based composite flours, they will impart characteristic colors which may be favorable or unfavorable for particular food products. Sweetpotato flour (SPF) was prepared from 44 genotypes and analyzed for proximate composition and biochemical properties. The Hunter Color L*, a*, b* values of the dry SPF and their modified Pekar slicks (PS) with water and with alkali were measured. Polyphenol oxidase activity, α-amylase activity, and total sugar were significantly correlated to L* values of dry SPF and of their PS tests with water and with alkali. The yellow pigment level was significantly correlated to the yellowness (b*) of the dry flour and of the PS test with water, but less correlated to b* of the PS test with alkaline. The results indicated a complex biochemical basis to SPF color, and no single biochemical factor examined was adequate to predict the color of a food product made from SPF. However, the PS color parameters were highly correlated with the color of dough sheets for white-salted and yellow-alkaline noodles made from wheast and sweetpotato composite flour (75:25). Thus, the simple modified PS test could be used in screening of genotypes for color stability and suitability for a specific end-use. SPF genotypes conferred a wide range of colors on composite flour dough preparations. Some colors, particularly the range of greens and bright orange, may be useful in specialty product development.