Facile functionalization of 3-D ordered KIT-6 with cuprous oxide for deep desulfurization

Fazle Subhan*, Sobia Aslam, Zifeng Yan, Liu Zhen, Ayaz Ahmad, Muhammad Naeem, Jingbin Zeng, Rooh Ullah, U. J. Etim

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Deep desulfurization by π-complexation is an efficient technique for purification of fuels. In π-complexation adsorbents, Cu(I)-based materials are effective due to low cost and high activity. However, the deep desulfurization has been proven to strongly rely on the dispersion extent of Cu species. Herein, for the first time, we report ammonia assisted deposition precipitation one-step N2 reduction strategy to fabricate Cu2O-containing KIT-6. In such strategy, Cu(NO3)2 precursor was directly introduced into the microenvironment exist between template and silica walls of template-P123-containing KIT-6 via ammonia assisted deposition precipitation. The subsequent single step N2 reduction strategy perform three functions in a single mode i.e. decomposition of Cu precursor to CuO, template removal, and conversion of CuO to Cu(I). Our strategy is convenient and efficiently promoted the dispersion of Cu species with high yield (61.84%) of Cu(I). We also demonstrated that the resultant material, as-synthesized KIT-6 supported with an optimal content 20 wt% of Cu, can capture 0.28 mmol·g−1 thiophene, which is obviously better than its counterpart CuCK-20 synthesized via calcined KIT-6. Furthermore, the thiophene adsorption activity can be recovered well without any obvious loss. Facile synthesis, high thiophene removal, and excellent regeneration ability make Cu/KIT-6 favorable for utilization in adsorptive desulfurization technology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)372-382
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Acidic sites
  • As-synthesized-KIT-6
  • Cuprous oxide
  • Desulfurization
  • Thiophene


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