Effect of inclination on vortex shedding frequency behind a bent cylinder: An experimental study

Jorge Silva-Leon*, Andrea Cioncolini

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


This paper presents experimental results on the vortex shedding frequency measured behind a bent cylinder. Experiments were conducted in a wind tunnel covering Reynolds numbers between 50 and 500, a range of interest for flow sensing, flow control, and energy harvesting applications. The bent cylinder comprised a vertical leg always oriented at normal incidence with respect to the free-stream flow, and an inclined leg whose inclination was varied during the tests between 90° and 15°. The bent cylinder was oriented in the wind tunnel with the vertical leg upstream and the inclined leg downstream, and the vortex shedding frequency was measured with hot-wire anemometry at several locations behind the inclined leg. The present bent cylinder design improves upon those previously considered by providing a finer control on the upstream boundary condition acting upon the inclined leg, which in the present design is not affected by the yaw angle of the inclined leg. With the exception of free-end effects, only noticeable for certain inclinations and Reynolds number values, inclination effects were surprisingly not observed, and the frequency of vortex shedding measured behind the inclined leg of the bent cylinder was consistent (within a few percent) with the cross-flow vortex shedding frequency at the same flow velocity. The present results corroborate and significantly extend the limited observations on bent cylinders available in the literature, further highlighting the importance of the upstream boundary condition on the vortex shedding process with inclined cylinders.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4020100
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Bent cylinder
  • Energy harvesting
  • Experiment
  • Flow control
  • Flow sensing
  • Frequency
  • Hot-wire anemometry
  • Inclined cylinder
  • Vortex shedding
  • Yaw angle


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