Ecological Role of Bacteria Involved in the Biogeochemical Cycles of Mangroves Based on Functional Genes Detected through GeoChip 5.0

Shanshan Meng, Tao Peng, Xiaobo Liu, Hui Wang, Tongwang Huang, Ji-Dong Gu, Zhong Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mangroves provide a variety of ecosystem services and contribute greatly to the global biogeochemical cycle. Microorganisms play important roles in biogeochemical cycles and maintain the dynamic balance of mangroves. However, the roles of bacteria in the biogeochemical cycles of mangroves and their ecological distribution and functions remain largely uncharacterized. This study thus sought to analyze and compare the ecological distributions and potential roles of bacteria in typical mangroves using 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing and GeoChip. Interestingly, the bacterial community compositions were largely similar in the studied mangroves, including Shenzhen, Yunxiao, Zhanjiang, Hainan, Hongkong, Fangchenggang, and Beihai mangroves. Moreover, gamma-proteobacterium_uncultured and Woeseia were the most abundant microorganisms in the mangroves. Furthermore, most of the bacterial communities were significantly correlated with phosphorus levels (P < 0.05; -0.93 < R < 0.93), suggesting that this nutrient is a vital driver of bacterial community composition. Additionally, GeoChip analysis indicated that the functional genes amyA, narG, dsrA, and ppx were highly abundant in the studied mangroves, suggesting that carbon degradation, denitrification, sulfite reduction, and polyphosphate degradation are crucial processes in typical mangroves. Moreover, several genera were found to synergistically participate in biogeochemical cycles in mangroves. For instance, Neisseria, Ruegeria, Rhodococcus, Desulfotomaculum, and Gordonia were synergistically involved in the carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur cycles, whereas Neisseria and Treponema were synergistically involved in the nitrogen cycle and the sulfur cycle. Taken together, our findings provide novel insights into the ecological roles of bacteria in the biogeochemical cycles of mangroves. IMPORTANCE Bacteria have important functions in biogeochemical cycles, but studies on their function in an important ecosystem, mangroves, are still limited. Here, we investigated the ecological role of bacteria involved in biogeochemical cycles in seven representative mangroves of southern China. Furthermore, various functional genes from bacteria involved in biogeochemical cycles were identified by GeoChip 5.0. The functional genes associated with the carbon cycle (particularly carbon degradation) were the most abundant, suggesting that carbon degradation is the most active process in mangroves. Additionally, some high-abundance bacterial populations were found to synergistically mediate key biogeochemical cycles in the mangroves, including Neisseria, Pseudomonas, Treponema, Desulfotomaculum, and Nitrosospira. In a word, our study gives novel insights into the function of bacteria in biogeochemical cycles in mangroves.
Original languageEnglish
JournalmSphere
DOIs
StatePublished - 23 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • bacterial community
  • biogeochemical cycle
  • functional characterization
  • GeoChip
  • mangrove

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