Droplet Characteristics at the Maximum Adhesion on Curved Surfaces

Zhanglei Zhu, Youhua Jiang*, Donghui Wang, Wanzhong Yin, Jaroslaw W. Drelich*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


For applications involving droplet detachment from solid surfaces, it is vital to study the droplet characteristics (e.g., contact angle and base width) when the droplet is experiencing the maximum force that detaches the droplet (maximum adhesion state). Historically, such investigations were mainly conducted on flat two-dimensional surfaces and the characteristics on curved surfaces with the third dimension remain unknown. Thus, the generalized description of such characteristics has not been established yet. Here, by vertically pulling liquid droplets using a microbalance, we study the droplet characteristics at the maximum adhesion on curved homogeneous surfaces. Variables in this study include liquid surface tension, initial droplet base area, and the asymmetry in solid surface curvature. Results show that the contact angle is identical everywhere along the droplet perimeter on curved surfaces irrespective of the asymmetry in surface curvature. In addition, we found that the droplet base is nonaxisymmetric (not circular) at the maximum adhesion, opposing previous understanding that was formulated for flat surfaces. As a result, we propose a more generalized and quantitative description of the droplet characteristics at the maximum adhesion, derived from the component of the surface tension force acting along the droplet perimeter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2532-2540
Number of pages9
Issue number7
StatePublished - 23 Feb 2021


Dive into the research topics of 'Droplet Characteristics at the Maximum Adhesion on Curved Surfaces'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this