The distribution of surface proteins/lipids and their effect on physicochemical properties of wheat A- and B-starch were investigated. Small B-starch with higher surface protein (~1.8 %) and lipid (~0.4 %) contents did not differ significantly from specific surface area of large A-starch (~0.2 % protein and ~0.1 % lipid), indicating surface lipids/proteins for starch are characteristic of their biological origin, not directly related to granule size. The surface of A-starch granule was an integrated membrane structure (lipids covered by proteins). B-starch showed a greater decrease in peak and trough viscosity (130 and 82 cP) than A-starch (99 and 52 cP) after removing surface proteins, perhaps because the presence of residual surface lipid as a membrane protected the rigidity of A-starch granule. B-starch showed a greater increase in consistency coefficient (K) (47.01 Pa·sn) than A-starch (20.33 Pa·sn) after removing surface lipids, possibly because the greater loss of surface lipid as complex with amylose in B-starch retarded retrogradation and reduced K. These results show that different distributions and contents of surface proteins/lipids between wheat A- and B-starch granule contribute to the pasting and rheological properties.
|Journal||International Journal of Biological Macromolecules|
|Early online date||14 Apr 2023|
|State||Published - 15 Jun 2023|
- Wheat starch granule
- Surface lipids/proteins