The electrogeneration of H2O2 and electro-regeneration of ferrous are conflicting matters in electro-Fenton system. In this research, the degradation of Rhodamine B, methyl orange (MO) and 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) was investigated using a novel dual-cathode microbial fuel cell (MFC) electro-Fenton (EF) hybrid system. An air-cathode of an EF system was used for H2O2 electrogeneration and a carbon felt cathode of a MFC was used to accelerate Fe2+ regeneration. Synergistic improvement of MFC power generation and the degradation of the above refractory organics through EF reaction was achieved. The EF air-cathode was fabricated by adopting activated carbon/graphite powder mixture and PVDF binder, which showed higher H2O2 generation but slower Fe3+ reduction rate than MFC carbon felt cathode. The Rhodamine B removal rate constant and mineralization current efficiency of the MFC coupled EF were 64% and 42% higher than that of uncoupled EF, respectively. The MFC-EF coupled system also exhibited significantly higher removal efficiency for MO and 4-CP than that of un-coupled EF system. Moreover, the power density of MFC was greatly enhanced by coupling EF due to higher Fe3+/Fe2+ redox potential than oxygen reduction.
- Microbial fuel cell
- Power generation