Computation of exterior moduli of quadrilaterals

Harri Hakula, Antti Rasila, Matti Vuorinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


We study the problem of computing the exterior modulus of a bounded quadrilateral. We reduce this problem to the numerical solution of the Dirichlet-Neumann problem for the Laplace equation. Several experimental results, with error estimates, are reported. Our main method makes use of an hp-FEM algorithm, which enables computations in the case of complicated geometry. For simple geometries, good agreement with computational results based on the SC Toolbox, is observed. We also use the reciprocal error estimation method introduced in our earlier paper to validate our numerical results. In particular, exponential convergence, in accordance with the theory of Babuška and Guo, is demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)436-451
Number of pages16
JournalElectronic Transactions on Numerical Analysis
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Conformal capacity
  • Conformal modulus
  • Hp-FEM
  • Numerical conformal mapping
  • Quadrilateral modulus


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