Comparison of JET inner wall erosion in the first three ITER-like wall campaigns

S. Krat*, M. Mayer, J.P. Coad, C.P. Lungu, K. Heinola, A. Baron-Wiechec, I. Jepu, A. Widdowson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The net erosion of material from recessed areas of the JET main chamber inner wall during the first three ITER-like wall (JET-ILW) campaigns was studied using long-term samples with Be and W marker layers. The samples were analyzed using elastic backscattering spectrometry (EBS) before and after each campaign. It was found that the erosion for both Be and W was roughly homogeneously distributed in both toroidal and poloidal directions, possibly with a small maximum near the middle of the inner wall and a minimum near the bottom of the wall, as well as several toroidal distribution features. The net erosion rate of Be decreased by a factor of two between the first and the second JET-ILW campaigns, and remained unchanged during the third JET-ILW campaign. Three possible explanations are presented: a campaign to test the power handling capability of the limiter in ILW1, a change in incident particle energy distribution, and a change in limiter to divertor discharge time ratio. The net erosion rate of W remained almost unchanged through the first two JET-ILW campaigns. In the third JET-ILW campaign the net erosion rate of W from the inner wall was about 1.6 times higher than previously observed, indicating a change in the energy spectrum of particles eroding the inner wall, and the occasional addition of Kr and Xe to the fuelling.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNuclear Materials and Energy
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Tokamak
  • Plasma-wall InteractionErosion
  • JET-ILW
  • Ion beam analysis

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