Bifurcation study of flow through rotating curved ducts

M. Selmi, K. Nandakumar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


The bifurcation structure of the two-dimensional pressure-driven flow through a curved rotating duct is studied. In this study we add to the rich literature that already exists on this problem [J. Fluid Mech. 262, 353 (1994)], revealing even more intricate details of the solution structure. The problem depends on the Reynolds number, Re=Ub/v, the Rotation number, RΩ=bΩ/U, the aspect ratio, γ=b/h, and the radius ratio (or curvature ratio), η=ri/r0; here U is the velocity scale, b is the duct width in the spanwise direction, Ω is the rotational speed, (ri ,r0) are the inner and outer radii of the duct, h=r0-ri and v is the kinematic viscosity of the fluid. For a curvature ratio η=0.960 784, continuation on Re is used to trace the bifurcation diagram for zero rotation (RΩ=0). Then, for Re=800, continuation on KΩ is used from the solutions at zero rotation (RΩ=0) to generate bifurcation diagrams for positive and negative rotational number for the purpose of studying the effect of rotation. Extended systems are used to solve for limit points and symmetry breaking points. These points are then traced as functions of the Reynolds number. Eigenvalue systems are solved to determine the stability properties of the multiple solutions to two-dimensional perturbations. Bifurcation diagrams reveal more intricate solution structures than those found in earlier studies, raising the question whether it is ever possible to construct a complete bifurcation diagram. New solution branches are found even for the well-studied case of a system with no rotation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2030-2043
Number of pages14
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1999
Externally publishedYes


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