An efficient hydrodynamic-biokinetic model for the optimization of operational strategy applied in a full-scale oxidation ditch by CFD integrated with ASM2

Qi Xu, Yanlei Wan, Qiongxiang Wu, Keke Xiao*, Wenbo Yu, Sha Liang, Yuwei Zhu, Huijie Hou, Bingchuan Liu, Jingping Hu, Yin Yang, Jiakuan Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Oxidation ditches (ODs) are often used for wastewater treatment. However, limitations of ODs like high energy expenditure and increased sludge sedimentation hinder its wide application. In this study, the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model integrated with Activated Sludge Model No. 2 (ASM2) was proposed and applied in a full-scale OD. The integrated model provided heterogeneous information on the characteristics of hydrodynamics and biokinetics of OD, especially with respect to the simulation of total phosphorus removal by CFD-ASM2 integration model for the first time. The simulated values of flow velocities, suspended solids (SS), dissolved oxygen, chemical oxygen demand, total nitrogen, ammonium nitrogen, and total phosphorus concentrations were well validated with the measured results, with the standard deviation errors of less than 5.56%, 0.28%, 0.74%, 7.39%, 3.17%, 5.27%, and 7.40%, respectively. Based on the integrated model, four different operational strategies were simulated. The proposed operational strategy of operating 7 surface aerators and 10 submerged impellers not only met the standard discharge requirements (GB 18918–2002) but also consumed less energy by 22.3%, compared with the original strategy of operating 9 surface aerators and 13 submerged impellers. Meanwhile, this proposed operational strategy also reduced the SS concentrations in the second and fourth channels, which was beneficial to elimination of sludge sedimentation. Moreover, the proposed operational strategy was successfully applied and validated in full-scale OD. The foregoing results collectively suggest that the CFD-AMS2 integration model is numerically capable to optimize the operational strategy of ODs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116888
JournalWater Research
Volume193
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Activated sludge model no. 2
  • Biokinetics
  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Energy expenditure
  • Oxidation ditch
  • Total phosphorus removal

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