A review of microbial precipitation for sustainable construction

Varenyam Achal, Abhijit Mukherjee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

219 Scopus citations


Rapid urbanisation has accelerated consumption of concrete making it the most consumed artificial material. Present day concrete is one of the largest sources of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emission and is not sustainable. Microbial precipitation of CaCO3 is a promising way of emulating nature's sustainable ways. This paper reviews current progress and potential of this technology. Prior research on the modes of application of the technology and consequent gains in strength and durability of construction materials has been summarised. Imperatives for a quantitative estimate of sustainability are identified. Progress necessary for industrial adoption of the technology has been discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1224-1235
Number of pages12
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
StatePublished - 29 Jul 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Biocementation
  • Carbon sequestration
  • Durability
  • MICP
  • Strength
  • Sustainability


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