The structure of the nucleon and the first radial excitation of the nucleon, the Roper, N(1440), is studied within the formalism of light-front holography. The nucleon elastic form factors and γ∗N→N(1440) transition form factors are calculated under the assumption of the dominance of the valence quark degrees of freedom. Contrary to the previous studies, the bare parameters of the model associated with the valence quark are fixed by the empirical data for large momentum transfer (Q2) assuming that the corrections to the three-quark picture (meson cloud contributions) are suppressed. The γ∗N→N(1440) transition form factors are then calculated without any adjustable parameters. Our estimates are compared with results from models based on valence quarks and others. The model compares well with the γ∗N→N(1440) transition form factor data, suggesting that meson cloud effects are not large, except in the region Q2<1.5 GeV2. In particular, the meson cloud contributions for the Pauli form factor are small.