Turbulent inertial gelation and acoustic quasi-gelation of submicron aerosol particles

P. Vainshtein*, M. Shapiro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Inertial turbulent and acoustic orthokinetic particle coagulation mechanisms have physical similarity. We consider analytically and numerically coagulation of discrete compact and fractal submicron agglomerated particles, governed by these mechanisms via Smoluchowski equation. Existence of the inertial turbulent coagulation is mathematically proven. A new gelation scenario is revealed for both of the above coagulation mechanisms. Turbulent inertial gelation is manifested by means of a multi-modal relay-type run-away particle size growth, including formation of infinite set of secondary maxima in volume fraction distribution. When acoustic coagulation mechanism is much stronger than the Brownian coagulation, acoustic coagulation occurs as a quasi-gelation process, with a run-away particle size growth, characterized, however, by a finite set of secondary maxima. The effect of acoustic field on coagulation is shown to be more pronounced for fractal agglomerates than that for compact agglomerated particles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-106
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume304
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acoustics
  • Aerosol
  • Coagulation
  • Fractal agglomerates
  • Gelation

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