Toward Air Stability of Thin GaSe Devices: Avoiding Environmental and Laser-Induced Degradation by Encapsulation

Qinghua Zhao, Riccardo Frisenda*, Patricia Gant, David Perez de Lara, Carmen Munuera, Mar Garcia-Hernandez, Yue Niu, Tao Wang, Wanqi Jie, Andres Castellanos-Gomez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Gallium selenide (GaSe) is a novel 2D material, which belongs to the layered III–VIA semiconductors family and attracted interest recently as it displays single-photon emitters at room temperature and strong optical nonlinearity. Nonetheless, few-layer GaSe is not stable under ambient conditions and it tends to degrade over time. Here atomic force microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and optoelectronic measurements are combined in photodetectors based on thin GaSe to study its long-term stability. It is found that the GaSe flakes exposed to air tend to decompose forming first amorphous selenium and Ga2Se3 and subsequently Ga2O3. While the first stage is accompanied by an increase in photocurrent, in the second stage, a decrease in photocurrent is observed, which leads to the final failure of GaSe photodetectors. Additionally, it is found that the encapsulation of the GaSe photodetectors with hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) can protect the GaSe from degradation and can help to achieve long-term stability of the devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1805304
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume28
Issue number47
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 2D materials
  • degradation
  • gallium selenide
  • optoelectronics
  • Raman spectroscopy

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