Toward a new generation of permeable skin electronics

Jiawei Yang, Zongman Zhang, Pengcheng Zhou, Yujie Zhang, Yi Liu, Yumiao Xu, Yuheng Gu, Shenglin Qin, Hossam Haick*, Yan Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Skin-mountable electronics are considered to be the future of the next generation of portable electronics, due to their softness and seamless integration with human skin. However, impermeable materials limit device comfort and reliability for long-term, continuous usage. The recent emergence of permeable skin-mountable electronics has attracted tremendous attention in the soft electronics field. Herein, we provide a comprehensive and systematic review of permeable skin-mountable electronics. Typical porous materials and structures are first highlighted, followed by discussion of important device properties. Then, we review the latest representative applications of breathable skin-mountable electronics, such as bioelectrical sensors, temperature sensors, humidity and hydration sensors, strain and pressure sensors, and energy harvesting and storage devices. Finally, a conclusion and future directions for permeable skin electronics are provided.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNanoscale
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 3 Jan 2023

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