Thermodynamic equilibrium analysis of combined dry and steam reforming of propane for thermochemical waste-heat recuperation

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The thermochemical waste-heat recuperation is one for perspective way of increasing the energy efficiency of the fuel-consuming equipment. In this paper, the thermochemical waste-heat recuperation (TCR) by combined steam-dry propane reforming is described. To understand the influence of technological parameter such as temperature and composition of inlet gas mixture on TCR efficiency, thermodynamic equilibrium analysis of combined steam-dry propane reforming was investigated by Gibbs free energy minimization method upon a wide range of temperature (600–1200 K) and different feed compositions at atmospheric pressure. The carbon and methane formation was also calculated and shown. From a thermodynamic perspective, the TCR can be used for increasing energy efficiency at temperatures above 950 K because in this range the maximum conversion rate is reached (from 1.22 to 1.30 for the different feed composition). Approximately 10 mol of synthesis gas can be generated per mole of propane at the temperatures greater than 1000 K. Furthermore, the propane conversion rate and yield of hydrogen are increased with the addition of extra steam to the feed stock. Also, undesirable carbon formation can be eliminated by adding steam to the feed. The thermodynamic equilibrium analysis was accomplished by IVTANTHERMO which is a process simulator for thermodynamic modeling of complex chemically reacting systems and several results were checked by Aspen-HYSYS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14926-14935
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number22
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Dry reforming
  • Hydrogen
  • Propane
  • Steam reforming
  • Thermochemical recuperation
  • Thermodynamic analysis
  • Waste-heat


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